Whether it be the classic American staple of split peas soup, the UK classic of pease porridge, or the flavorful Indian aloo matar (curried potatoes with peas), peas have been an integral part of many countries culinary traditions, and continue to be a popular item internationally. Their sweet flavor, and bright color makes them popular as a vegetable (even though they are technically a fruit!), since children and adults both can agree that a little bit of sweetness goes a long way.
Similarly to beans, peas are a popular commodity both domestically and internationally. On top of being tasty and nutritious, they are extremely versatile, as they are used for canning, pet food, fresh produce, industrial processing, animal feed, and are often frozen by packagers. Certain countries tend to be dominant in the production of one color over another, and many international puchasers have their preferences as to variety and color.
Being a 90 day crop, peas are usually planted between in early to late spring (depending on the region and weather conditions), and are harvested in mid to late summer. As with many other dry commodities, they tend to be available throughout the year, with supply & demand, paired with market fluctuations determining availability and price